Cost Implications of Anticoagulation Strategies After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Among Patients With Atrial Fibrillation (A PIONEER-AF PCI Analysis)

The American Journal of Cardiology, 2019

The PIONEER AF-PCI trial demonstrated that in atrial fibrillation patients who underwent intracoronary stenting, either rivaroxaban 15 mg daily plus P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy (Group 1) or 2.5 mg rivaroxaban twice daily plus dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) (Group 2) was associated with fewer recurrent hospitalizations, primarily for bleeding and cardiovascular events, compared with standard-of-care vitamin K antagonist and DAPT (Group 3). Associated costs are unknown. This study estimates costs associated with rivaroxaban strategies compared with vitamin K antagonist and DAPT. Medication costs were estimated using wholesale acquisition costs, medication discontinuation rates, and costs of monitoring. Using a large US healthcare claims database, the mean adjusted increase in 1-year cost of care for individuals with atrial fibrillation and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) rehospitalized for bleeding, cardiovascular, and other events was compared with those not rehospitalized. Using adjudicated rehospitalization rates from PIONEER AF-PCI, cost differences were estimated. Rates of rehospitalization for bleeding were 6.5%, 5.4%, 10.5%, and 20.3%, 20.3%, 28.4% for cardiovascular events in Groups 1, 2, and 3. Medication and monitoring costs were $3,942, $4,115, and $1,703. One-year costs for all recurrent hospitalization costs and/or patient for the groups were $24,535, $20,205, and $29,756. One-year cost increase associated with bleeding rehospitalizations and/or patient was $4,160, $3,212, and $6,876 and was $13,264, $11,545, and $17,220 for cardiovascular rehospitalizations and/or patient. Overall estimated cost per patient was $28,476, $24,320, and $31,458. Compared with warfarin, both rivaroxaban treatment strategies had higher medication costs, but these were more than accounted for by fewer hospitalizations.

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Korjian S, Daaboul Y, Laliberté F, Zhao Q, Mehran R, Bode C, Halperin J, Verheugt FWA, Lip GYH, Cohen M, Peterson ED, Fox KAA, Gibson CM, Pinto DS, PIONEER AF-PCI Investigators