Excludes pending cases and cases that were closed or dismissed before the conclusion of class certification litigation.
Of these, 12 were dismissed following a motion to dismiss, 10 had a summary judgment or a jury verdict in favor of the defendant, and one was closed administratively.
Cases in which court decisions granted or denied class certification were identified from the LexisNexis U.S. Federal and State Cases database. Cases in which class certification was granted at settlement were identified from the Lexis Jury Verdicts & Settlements database.
Additional research was conducted via Law360 and Bloomberg Law. Includes cases filed between January 1, 1999, and December 31, 2016.