An economic evaluation of risankizumab versus other biologic treatments of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis in Japan

Journal of Dermatological Treatment

Objective

To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of risankizumab versus other biologic treatments (adalimumab, infliximab, ustekinumab, secukinumab, brodalumab, ixekizumab, and guselkumab) of moderate-to-severe psoriasis in Japan.

Methods

A Markov cohort-level model was constructed to estimate quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and costs for each treatment over a lifetime horizon. The model simulated patients' transition through one line of active biologic therapy followed by best supportive care and death. Transition probabilities were informed by network meta-analyses of Psoriasis Activity and Severity Index responses and adverse event-related discontinuation in clinical trials, as well as published real-world evidence and national mortality rates. Costs were evaluated from the health system, societal, and patient out-of-pocket perspectives.

Results

Risankizumab was expected to provide 0.30-0.89 additional QALYs versus comparator biologics. Under the health system perspective, incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) of risankizumab ranged from ¥2,545,812/QALY versus ustekinumab to ¥6,077,134/QALY versus adalimumab. Societal ICERs were lower, ranging from ¥921,770/QALY to ¥4,350,879/QALY. From the patient perspective, risankizumab was estimated to be cost-saving versus four comparators and was associated with ICERs of <¥500,000/QALY versus the remaining comparators.

Conclusion

Risankizumab was associated with higher QALYs and, based on typical willingness-to-pay benchmarks (¥5-6.7 million/QALY), considered cost-effective versus other biologics for the treatment of psoriasis in Japan.

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Authors

Saeki H, Ishii K, Joshi A, Bensimon AG, Yang H, Kawaguchi I