Analysis of Real-World Treatment Patterns, Healthcare Resource Utilization, and Costs Between Octreotide and Lanreotide Among Patients With Neuroendocrine Tumors
The aim of the study was to assess treatment patterns, healthcare resource utilization, and healthcare costs among patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) receiving long-acting octreotide versus lanreotide, overall and in patients with carcinoid syndrome (CS).
A provider-based claims database was used to identify NET patients who first initiated long-acting octreotide or lanreotide (index date) from January 2015 to November 2017. Propensity-score matching 1:1 was used. Patients with CS were identified from the previously mentioned matched cohorts. Time-to-treatment discontinuation (TTD) was estimated using Kaplan-Meier analyses. Per-patient-per-month rates of healthcare resource utilization were compared using rate ratios from multivariable Poisson regression models. Multivariable linear regression models were used to compare mean monthly cost differences.
The median TTD was similar between the 2 matched cohorts (N = 543 each; long-acting octreotide = 19.2 months, lanreotide = 17.5 months, P = 0.58). Significantly fewer NET-related outpatient visits (rate ratio = 0.95, P = 0.005) and significantly lower total healthcare costs (mean monthly cost difference: all-cause = US -$3701, NET-related = US -$3752, Ps < 0.001) were observed in the long-acting octreotide cohort than lanreotide. Similar results were found in CS patients.
Patients on first-line long-acting octreotide and lanreotide had similar TTD. Long-acting octreotide was associated with significantly lower total healthcare costs than lanreotide.