Budget Impact Analysis of REBYOTA™ (Fecal Microbiota, Live-Jslm [FMBL]) for Preventing Recurrent Clostridioides Difficile Infection in the US

Advances in Therapy, 2023


Patients with Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) often experience recurrences (rCDI), which are associated with high morbidity, mortality, and healthcare expenditures. REBYOTA™ (fecal microbiota, live-jslm [FMBL]) is a microbiota-based live biotherapeutic approved for the prevention of rCDI following antibiotic treatment for rCDI. We quantified the budget impact of FMBL during the first 3 years following introduction from a third-party US payer perspective.


A decision-tree model was used to estimate the budget impact of one-course FMBL by comparing costs under the scenario with FMBL to the scenario without FMBL (standard of care) in patients with one or more (≥ 1) recurrences after a primary episode of CDI and had completed ≥ 1 round of antibiotic treatments. Drug costs, rCDI-related medical costs, and budget impact over 1-3 years were estimated in 2022 US dollars. One-way sensitivity analyses were performed.


For an insurance plan with a population size of 1,000,000, 468 patients per year were estimated to have ≥ 1 rCDI. The budget impact of one-course FMBL at $9000/course was cost-saving at an» average of -$0.0039 on a per-member-per-month (PMPM) basis, an average of -$8.30 on a per-treated-member-per-month (PTMPM) basis, and a total of -$139,865 on a plan level assuming 5%, 15%, and 20% of patients receive FMBL over 1-3 years, respectively. The scenario with FMBL entry was associated with higher drug costs (difference at $0.0474 PMPM; $101.26 PTMPM; $1,706,445 total plan) and lower rCDI-related medical costs (difference at -$0.0513 PMPM; -$109.56 PTMPM; -$1,846,309 total plan). The budget impact of FMBL in patients at first rCDI was cost-saving at -$0.0139 PMPM, -$84.78 PTMPM, corresponding to an annual savings of $500,022.


FMBL has a cost-saving budget impact for a US payer, with higher initial drug costs being offset by savings in rCDI-related medical costs. Greater cost saving was found in patients at first recurrence.

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Lodise T, Guo A, Yang M, Cook EE, Song W, Yang D, Wang Q, Zhao A, Bochan M