Calcipotriol plus betamethasone dipropionate aerosol foam vs. apremilast, methotrexate, acitretin or fumaric acid esters for the treatment of plaque psoriasis: a matching-adjusted indirect comparison
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 2019
Plaque psoriasis has significant impact on patients' quality of life. Topical therapy is considered the treatment mainstay for mild-to-moderate disease according to guidelines. Calcipotriol/betamethasone dipropionate (Cal/BD) [0.005%/0.05%] aerosol foam is indicated for psoriasis vulgaris treatment in adults. Cal/BD foam trials demonstrated improved efficacy and similar safety in this population. Psoriasis treatment is complicated by the broad range of disease presentation, variability and therapeutic options; particularly decisions on transition from topical to non-biologic systemic treatment are difficult. Assessing comparative effectiveness of treatment options provides meaningful value to treatment decisions.
To compare efficacy of Cal/BD foam individual patient data from pooled trials with efficacy of non-biologic systemic treatments based on aggregated patient characteristics and treatment outcomes.
Individual data from four Cal/BD foam trials in 749 psoriasis patients were pooled to conduct matching-adjusted indirect comparisons. Literature review identified non-biologic systemic treatment trials where methods, populations and outcomes align with Cal/BD foam trials. Of 3090 screened publications, four studies of apremilast, methotrexate, acitretin or fumaric acid esters (FAE) were included.
After baseline matching, patients treated with 4 weeks of Cal/BD foam had greater Physician's Global Assessment 0/1 response compared to those treated with 16 weeks of apremilast (52.7% vs. 30.4%; P < 0.001). Patients treated with Cal/BD foam had significantly greater Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) 75 response at Week 4 compared to 16 weeks of apremilast treatment (51.1% vs. 21.6%; P < 0.001). Cal/BD foam patients demonstrated significantly greater PASI 75 response improvements at Week 4 vs. 12 weeks of methotrexate (50.8% vs. 33.5%; P < 0.001) or acitretin (50.9% vs. 31.7%; P = 0.009), and comparable response to FAE (42.4% vs. 47.0%; P = 0.451).
Despite recent treatment advances, unmet needs for psoriasis patients remain. Cal/BD foam offers improved efficacy in baseline matched psoriasis patients compared to apremilast, methotrexate or acitretin, and comparable efficacy to FAE.
Bewley AP, Shear NH, Calzavara-Pinton PG, Hansen JB, Nyeland ME, Signorovitch J