Comparative Efficacy of Treatments for Previously Treated Advanced or Metastatic Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: A Network Meta-Analysis

Advances in Therapy. 2018 Jul;35(7):1035-1048

INTRODUCTION:

Due to the rarity of BRAF V600E mutation, no randomized study has compared the combination targeted therapy dabrafenib + trametinib with other second-line treatments for advanced or metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A network meta-analysis (NMA) was conducted to assess the comparative efficacy of treatments among patients with previously treated advanced or metastatic NSCLC.

METHODS:

Randomized trials of dabrafenib + trametinib, docetaxel, erlotinib, nintedanib + docetaxel, nivolumab, pemetrexed, pembrolizumab, and best supportive care as second-line or above treatments for advanced or metastatic NSCLC identified in a systematic literature review were included in the NMA. Overall response rates (ORRs) and disease control rates (DCRs) were compared using logit models; progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were compared using fractional polynomial hazards models. Dabrafenib + trametinib was linked into the evidence network through a matching-adjusted indirect comparison versus nivolumab.

RESULTS:

Ten trials met the inclusion criteria and were included in the NMA. Dabrafenib + trametinib, pembrolizumab, and nivolumab were associated with the highest odds of achieving overall response (12.2, 1.2, and 0.7 times higher, respectively, compared with docetaxel). Estimated DCR was higher for dabrafenib + trametinib, nintedanib + docetaxel, and pemetrexed compared with other treatments. Patients treated with dabrafenib + trametinib, nivolumab, and pembrolizumab had the lowest hazards of disease progression or death during follow-up (72, 61, and 29% lower hazard of progression at 6 months; 61, 48, and 46% lower hazard of death at 1 year, respectively, compared with docetaxel).

CONCLUSION:

Dabrafenib + trametinib, pembrolizumab, and nivolumab were associated with higher ORR and prolonged PFS and OS compared with chemotherapy in previously treated advanced or metastatic NSCLC.

View abstract

Authors

Li J, Sasane M, Zhao JGarcía-Horton V, Zhang P, Ricculli ML, Zhou ZY, Signorovitch J