Effect of Adalimumab on Visual Functioning in Patients with Noninfectious Intermediate Uveitis, Posterior Uveitis, and Panuveitis in the VISUAL-1 and VISUAL-2 Trials

JAMA Ophthalmol. Jun 01 2017;135(6):511-518


Adalimumab was recently approved for the treatment of noninfectious intermediate uveitis, posterior uveitis, and panuveitis.


To assess the effect of adalimumab on the visual functioning and quality of life in patients with corticosteroid-dependent noninfectious intermediate uveitis, posterior uveitis, and panuveitis.


A post hoc analysis of clinical trials of adults with active (VISUAL-1) and inactive (VISUAL-2) noninfectious intermediate uveitis, posterior uveitis, and panuveitis was conducted in the United States, Canada, Europe, Israel, Australia, Latin America, and Japan. A total of 217 patients (110 adalimumab, 107 placebo) in VISUAL-1 and 226 patients (115 adalimumab, 111 placebo) in VISUAL-2 were studied using intent-to-treat analyses. The clinical trials were conducted between August 10, 2010, and May 14, 2015.


In VISUAL-1 and VISUAL-2, patients were randomized to receive adalimumab, 80-mg, subcutaneous loading dose followed by 40 mg every other week or placebo for 80 weeks. All patients underwent prednisone tapering, with patients in VISUAL-1 receiving an initial prednisone burst.


The 25-item National Eye Institute Vision Function Questionnaire (NEI VFQ-25) composite score questionnaire assessed the impact of visual impairment from the patient's perspective; scores on the questionnaire range from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating better vision-related quality of life. The change in NEI VFQ-25 from best state achieved prior to week 6 (VISUAL-1) and from baseline state (VISUAL-2) to the final or early termination visit was determined in each group and statistically compared using analysis of variance. The temporal effects of adalimumab and placebo on NEI VFQ-25 were investigated using a longitudinal model.


Of the 217 patients in VISUAL-1, 124 (57.1%) were women; the mean (SD) age was 42.7 (14.9) years. Of the 226 patients in VISUAL-2, 138 (61.1%) were women; the mean (SD) age was 42.5 (13.4). In VISUAL-1, the change from final score to best score in NEI VFQ-25 was -1.30 for adalimumab and -5.50 for placebo-a difference of 4.20 (95% CI, 1.04 to 7.36; P = .01) associated with adalimumabcompared with placebo. In VISUAL-2, the change from baseline NEI VFQ-25 was 3.36 for adalimumab and 1.24 for placebo-a difference of 2.12 (95% CI, -0.81 to 5.04; P = .16). In both trials, the longitudinal models showed a significant difference in NEI VFQ-25 between adalimumab and placebo of 3.07 (95% CI, 2.09 to 4.06; P < .001) and 4.66 (95% ci, 0.05 to 9.26; p =" .048)" in the visual-1 (74.15 vs 71.08) and visual-2 (82.39 vs 77.73) trials, respectively.>


This post hoc analysis suggests that adalimumab is associated with statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvements in patient-reported visual functioning for patients with noninfectious intermediate uveitis, posterior uveitis, and panuveitis.

View abstract


Sheppard J1, Joshi A, Betts KA, Hudgens S, Tari S, Chen N, Skup M, Dick AD