Elucidating the Real-World Burden of Chronic Rhinosinusitis with Nasal Polyps in Patients in the USA

OTO Open, 2022


To characterize healthcare burden, treatment patterns, and clinical characteristics associated with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP).

Study design

Retrospective cohort.


Real-world study using US health insurance claims database.


Adults with ≥1 CRSwNP diagnosis (index date: first claim for nasal polyps [NPs] between January 1, 2008, and March 31, 2019) and continuous health insurance coverage for ≥180 days preindex (baseline) and postindex were included. Follow-up spanned from index to the earliest of disenrollment, death, or data end. Assessments included patient demographics, comorbidities, and blood eosinophil count at baseline, healthcare resource utilization (HCRU), and costs during follow-up in the overall population and stratified by number of surgeries.


Of the 119,357 patients who met the inclusion criteria, 33,748 (28%) had ≥1 surgery during follow-up, among whom 3262 (9.7%) had ≥2 surgeries. At baseline, patients with ≥1 vs no NP surgeries had a greater comorbidity burden; a higher proportion of patients had comorbid asthma (37.8% vs 21.8%) and blood eosinophil count ≥300 cells/µL (42.6% vs 38.1%). During follow-up, patients with NP surgeries had higher all-cause and CRSwNP-related HCRU and costs than patients without NP surgery. All-cause healthcare costs per person per year increased with the number of surgeries during follow-up (no surgery, $10,628; ≥1 surgery, $20,747; ≥2 surgeries, $26,969).


Patients with CRSwNP and surgery had a greater disease burden than those without surgery, with higher HCRU and costs, and were more likely to have comorbid conditions (most commonly asthma) and elevated blood eosinophil count, indicating a subset of patients with recalcitrant CRSwNP.

View abstract


Benson VS, Germain G, Chan RH, Sousa AR, Yang S, Silver J, Duh MS, Laliberté F, Chang R, Han JK