Impact on Hospitalizations of Long-Term Versus Short-Term Therapy with Sodium Zirconium Cyclosilicate During Routine Outpatient Care of Patients with Hyperkalemia: The Recognize I Study

Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research, 2023


Hyperkalemia is associated with increased healthcare resource utilization (HRU). This study evaluated the impact of sodium zirconium cyclosilicate (SZC) use on HRU in outpatients with hyperkalemia.

Research design and methods

A retrospective noncomparative study using claims data from the HealthVerity warehouse, which included outpatients in the United States who initiated SZC between January and December 2019 (index date) with ≥6 months' continuous coverage before (baseline) and after (follow-up) the index date (total coverage of 12 months). The study aimed to describe HRU with long-term and short-term SZC (defined as >90 and ≤90 days' supply, respectively, during 180 days' follow-up) and identify characteristics associated with long-term versus short-term therapy.


Of 1153 patients, 748 (64.9%) received short-term and 405 (35.1%) received long-term therapy. During follow-up, lower proportions of patients on long-term versus short-term therapy had hyperkalemia-related hospitalizations (10.1% vs 15.1%; P < 0.05) and all-cause hospitalizations (22.5% vs 29.3%; P < 0.05). Hyperkalemia-related and all-cause hospitalization proportions were 33.0% and 23.3% lower, respectively. Predictors of long-term therapy included stage 3 chronic kidney disease.


Approximately one-third of patients with hyperkalemia received long-term SZC therapy. Hyperkalemia-related and all-cause hospitalization proportions were lower with long-term therapy, although further confirmatory studies are needed.

View abstract


Pollack CV, Agiro A, Mu F, Cook EE, Wirtz EL, Young JA, Betts KA, Brahmbhatt YG