Long-term omalizumab outcomes in chronic idiopathic urticaria: a real-world study

Allergy & Asthma Proceedings, 2019


Although clinical trials documented omalizumab's efficacy in U.S. patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU), the real-world evidence on its long-term effectiveness is lacking. 


To assess omalizumab use and the long-term response in a large sample of U.S. real-world patients. 


Patients with CIU and ≥ 12 years old who were initiated on omalizumab (index date) and with ≥ 6 months of postindex data were identified in an electronic medical record system (2007-2018). Omalizumab use was described. Provider assessments of disease control and course, and patient-reported symptoms were compared at 6-month intervals postindex versus baseline in the patients with values available at both time points. 


A total of 1096 patients (mean age, 44.1 years; 74.7% women) were followed up for a mean of 19 months postindex. Patients, predominantly initiated on a 300-mg dose, received a mean of 15 omalizumab administrations and were treated continuously for a mean of 14.2 months. At 6 months postindex versus baseline, the patients (n = 708) were more likely to be well controlled (odds ratio [OR] 31.68 [95% confidence interval {CI}, 17.20-58.36]) with an improved disease course (OR 15.73 [95% CI, 11.33-21.85]). Moreover, the patients (n = 373) were less likely to report itching (OR 0.39 [95% CI, 0.21-0.76]), rash (OR 0.59 [95% CI, 0.45-0.78]), and swelling (OR 0.46 [95% CI, 0.36-0.59]). Benefits associated with omalizumab treatment were sustained through month 24 and beyond. 


This real-world study showed that the patients who received a mean of 15 omalizumab administrations over a mean of 14.2 months experienced, starting at 6 and through 24 months after omalizumab initiation and beyond, improved CIU control, course, and symptoms.

View abstract


Kavati A, Zhdanava M, Ortiz B, LeCocq J, Schiffman B, Pilon D, Ching Cheung H, Lefebvre P, Stone BD