Matching-adjusted Indirect Comparison of the Efficacy of Loncastuximab Tesirine Versus Treatment in the Chemoimmunotherapy Era for Relapsed/Refractory Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma
Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia, 2022
Loncastuximab tesirine (Lonca) and chemoimmunotherapy (CIT) have been assessed in patients with relapsed/refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (R/R DLBCL), but direct evidence from head-to-head randomized clinical trials is not available.
Materials and methods
Matching-adjusted indirect comparison (MAIC) was used to evaluate the efficacy of Lonca versus CIT-era treatment in R/R DLBCL. The analysis used individual patient data from the phase II LOTIS-2 trial of Lonca (NCT03589469) and pooled aggregated data from 2 extension studies of the CORAL trial for CIT. The LOTIS-2 trial included 145 patients who had relapsed or progressed following 2 or more multi-agent systemic treatment regimens; the CORAL extension studies included 203 patients who received 2 prior lines of therapy and 75 patients who relapsed after autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation. MAIC analyses were performed to adjust for cross-trial differences in inclusion/exclusion criteria and the distribution of observed baseline characteristics. Overall response rate (ORR) and overall survival (OS) were compared between the balanced trial populations.
A total of 80 patients in LOTIS-2 were included in the analysis. After matching to the characteristics of 278 patients from the pooled CORAL extension studies, the ORR was significantly higher for Lonca compared with CIT-era treatment (53.4% vs. 40.3%, P < .05). Lonca was also associated with a significantly improved OS compared with CIT-era treatment (median OS 10.8 vs. 6.4 months; adjusted hazard ratio: 0.67 [95% CI: 0.48, 0.92], P < .05).
This study indicates that Lonca was associated with significantly improved efficacy compared with CIT-era treatments for R/R DLBCL.
Hamadani M, Chen L, Song Y, Xu MK, Liao L, Caimi PF, Carlo-Stella C