Observational study of characteristics and clinical outcomes of Dutch patients with tuberous sclerosis complex and renal angiomyolipoma treated with everolimus

PLOS ONE. Nov 15 2018; 13(11): p. e0204646


To compare kidney size (used as proxy for total renal angiomyolipoma [rAML] size) and kidney function outcomes between patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and rAML treated and not treated with everolimus.


Medical charts of adults with TSC-associated rAML followed at a specialty medical center in the Netherlands (1990-2015). Included patients treated with everolimus (n = 33, of which 27 were included in the kidney size analyses and 27 in the kidney function analyses [21 patients in both]; index date = everolimus initiation) and non-treated patients (n = 39, of which 29 were included in the kidney size analyses and 33 in the kidney function analyses [23 patients in both]; index date = one date among all dates with outcome measurement).Percent change in kidney size and kidney function from the index date to the best measurement in the two years post-index date (best response) compared between patients treated and not treated with everolimus.


Compared with non-treated patients, significantly more everolimus-treated patients experienced a reduction in the size of their largest kidney in the two years post-index date (85.2% vs. 37.9%, p < 0.01). Also, there was a tendency towards more improvement in the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) among the everolimus-treated patients (55.6% vs. 33.3%, p = 0.08).


The study results suggest that everolimus is effective in controlling and even reversing the growth of the kidneys, used as a proxy for rAML size, as well as preserving or improving kidney function in patients with TSC and rAML treated in a real-world, observationalsetting.

View abstract


Zonnenberg BA, Neary MP, Duh MS, Ionescu-Ittu R, Fortier J, Vekeman F