Real-world healthcare resource utilization and costs associated with tisagenlecleucel and axicabtagene ciloleucel among patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: an analysis of hospital data in the United States

Leukemia & Lymphoma, 2022

This study compared the real-world healthcare resource utilization (HRU), costs, adverse events (AEs), and AE treatments associated with the chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) therapies, tisagenlecleucel (tisa-cel) and axicabtagene ciloleucel (axi-cel), for relapsed/refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (r/r DLBCL). Adults with DLBCL who received tisa-cel or axi-cel were identified in the Premier Healthcare Database (2017-2020). Non-CAR-T costs, HRU, and AE rates during the infusion and follow-up periods were compared between the tisa-cel and axi-cel cohorts. Of 119 patients, 33 received tisa-cel (86% as inpatient infusion) and 86 received axi-cel (100% inpatient). Tisa-cel was associated with significantly shorter mean inpatient length of stay than axi-cel during infusion (11.3 vs. 18.3 days) and follow-up ([monthly] 3.9 vs. 6.9 days). Non-CAR-T costs were significantly lower for tisa-cel compared with axi-cel during infusion ($27594.8 vs. $51378.3) and follow-up ([monthly] $28777.3 vs. $46575.7; both p< .05). Rates of AEs and AE treatments were similar.

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Maziarz RT, Yang H, Liu Q, Wang T, Zhao J, Lim S, Lee S, Dalal A, Bollu V