Treatment Patterns and Healthcare Resource Utilization in Patients with FLT3-Mutated and Wild Type Acute Myeloid Leukemia: A Medical Chart Study
European Journal of Haematology. December 22, 2018
To assess real-world treatment patterns and healthcare resource utilization (HRU) among patients with FLT3-mutated(FLT3mut ) and FLT3-wild-type (FLT3wt ) acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
Data were abstracted from medical charts of patients with AML from 10 countries. Patients were grouped based on their FLT3 mutation status, age (18-64 or ≥65), and whether they were newly diagnosed (ND) or relapsed/refractory (R/R).
Charts of 1027 AML patients were included (183 FLT3mut 18-64 ND; 136 FLT3mut ≥65 ND; 181 FLT3mut R/R; 186 FLT3wt 18-64 ND; 159 FLT3wt ≥65 ND; 182 FLT3wt R/R). Substantial heterogeneity was observed in treatment patterns for AML. Among ND patients 18-64, the most common initial treatment was standard-to-intermediate dose cytarabine-based therapies (43.2% for FLT3mut and 55.9% for FLT3wt); among ND patients ≥65, the most common initial treatment was hypomethylating agent-based therapies (36.0% and 47.2%). Among R/R patients, the most common initial treatment after R/R was best supportive care only (39.8% and 24.7%). HRU was substantial across cohorts during both event-free and post-event periods.
Treatment patterns of AML were heterogeneous and FLT3mut AML was treated more aggressively than FLT3wt disease. HRU was substantial for all cohorts, particularly after relapse or treatment failure.