Treatment Patterns and Outcomes in Resected Early-Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: An Analysis of the Seer-Medicare Data

Clinical Lung Cancer, 2023


As the non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) adjuvant treatment landscape evolves, an evaluation of treatment patterns and outcomes of patients with early-stage, resected NSCLC eligible for adjuvant treatment in routine clinical practice is needed to better understand the unmet needs in this patient population.

Materials and methods

Data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare database (2007-2019) were used to identify patients with newly diagnosed stage IB (tumor size ≥4cm)-IIIA (AJCC 7th edition) NSCLC who received primary surgery (index date). We assessed adjuvant treatment patterns, real-world disease-free survival (rwDFS; time from index date to first recurrence or death) and overall survival (OS; time from index date to death), and loco-regional recurrence pattern and treatment distribution.


Among 1761 patients with primary surgery, mean age was 73.8 years; 47.9% were male; and 83.9% were white. Approximately 41% of patients received adjuvant chemotherapy; median time from surgery to adjuvant chemotherapy initiation was 48 days, and the most frequently observed adjuvant chemotherapy regimen was carboplatin+paclitaxel (24.5%). In the overall population, median rwDFS was 24.8 months and OS was 76.7 months; 5-year rwDFS and OS rates were 29.3% and 57.5%, respectively. Among 392 patients with loco-regional recurrence, the most frequently observed treatment was curative radiation monotherapy (28.2%).


Despite clinical guideline recommendations, rate of adjuvant chemotherapy among patients with resected early-stage NSCLC was low in clinical practice. Overall, among patients with early-stage NSCLC treated with conventional primary surgery, poor survival outcomes were observed, highlighting the need for and importance of more effective adjuvant treatments.

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West H, Hu X, Zhang S, Song Y, Chirovsky D, Gao C, Lerner A, Jiang A, Signorovitch J, Samkari A