Health Care Resource Utilization and Costs Associated with Transitioning to 3-month Paliperidone Palmitate Among US Veterans
Clinical Therapeutics. 2018 Sep;40(9):1496-1508
The aim of this article was to describe and compare treatment patterns, health care resource utilization (HRU), and health carecosts before and after transition in veterans with schizophrenia who were transitioned from paliperidone palmitate given once monthly (PP1M) to paliperidone palmitate given every 3 months (PP3M) according to prescribing-information guidelines.
This retrospective, longitudinal study was conducted using electronic health records data from the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). Veterans were eligible for inclusion if they were aged 18years or older, had ≥1 dispensation of PP3M, were enrolled with VHA benefits for ≥24 months prior to transition to PP3M, had ≥1 schizophrenia diagnosis, were transitioned to PP3M according to prescribing-information guidelines (operationalized as no gap in PP1M treatment of >45days during the 4 months prior to PP3M transition, with the same dosage in the last 2 PP1M dispensations), and had appropriate dose conversion. Treatment patterns, HRU, and costs 6 months pre and post PP3M transition were described and compared using the McNemar test and the Wilcoxon signed rank test.
Of the 277 veterans identified, the majority were men (92.8%); the median age was 56.5years. Among 197 veterans who had at least 6 months of follow-up pre and post PP3M transition, oral antipsychotic use was significantly decreased (from 49.7% to 43.1%; P = 0.0326). Additionally, the mean number of days spent in an inpatient setting (41.4vs 21.6; P = 0.0164), the mean number of outpatient visits per patient (31.0vs 25.6; P < 0.0001), and the mean total health care costs ($27,745vs $23,772; P = 0.0050) were significantly decreased.
After transitioning to PP3M treatment, veterans had significantly reduced use of oral antipsychotics, HRU, and costs. Although generalizability may be limited due to the veteran population and to those who transitioned according to PP3M prescribing guidelines, future studies in other patient populations may be used to extend these conclusions.