Healthcare resource utilization and costs of rivaroxaban versus warfarin among non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients with obesity in a US population

Journal of Medical Economics, 2021


To assess the real-world healthcare resource utilization (HRU) and costs of patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) and obesity newly initiated on rivaroxaban or warfarin in the US.


This retrospective study used IQVIA PharMetrics Plus data (01/2010-09/2019) to evaluate patients (≥18 years) with NVAF and obesity (body mass index ≥30 kg/m2) initiated on rivaroxaban or warfarin (on or after 01/2013). Inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) was used to adjust for confounding between cohorts. HRU and costs were assessed post-treatment initiation. Weighted cohorts were compared using Poisson regression models and cost differences, with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and p values generated using non-parametric bootstrap procedures.


After IPTW, 10,555 and 5,080 patients were initiated on rivaroxaban and warfarin, respectively (mean age: 59 years). At 12 months follow-up, the rivaroxaban cohort had lower all-cause HRU, including fewer hospitalizations (rate ratio [RR]: 0.80, 95% CI: 0.74, 0.87), emergency room visits (RR: 0.89, 95% CI: 0.83, 0.97), and outpatient visits (RR: 0.72, 95% CI: 0.69, 0.77; all p < .05). Medical costs were also reduced in the rivaroxaban cohort (mean difference: -$6,759, 95% CI: -$9,814, -$3,311) due to reduced hospitalization costs (mean difference: -$5,967, 95% CI: -$8,721, -$3,327), resulting in lower total all-cause healthcare costs compared to the warfarin cohort (mean difference: -$4,579, 95% CI: -$7,609, -$1,052; all p < .05). The rivaroxaban cohort also had lower NVAF-related HRU and medical costs driven by lower hospitalization at 12 months post-treatment initiation. HRU and cost reductions associated with rivaroxaban persisted up to 36 months of follow-up.


Claims data may have contained inaccuracies and obesity was classified based on ICD diagnosis codes given that patient BMI values were not available.


Rivaroxaban was associated with reduced HRU and costs compared to warfarin among NVAF patients with obesity in a real-world US setting.

View abstract


Berger JS, Laliberté F, Kharat A, Lejeune D, Moore KT, Jung Y, Lefebvre P, Ashton V