Inpatient Admissions and Costs Associated with Persistent Use of Dalfampridine Extended-Release in Multiple Sclerosis: A Claims Database Analysis

 

Journal of Managed Care and Specialty Pharmacy. Jul 2017;23(7):771-780

BACKGROUND:

While the clinical benefits of dalfampridine extended-release (D-ER) have been established in patients with multiplesclerosis (MS) through multiple clinical trials, there is limited real-world data on D-ER use, in particular the persistent use of D-ER, and associated acute care resource utilization and costs.

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the real-world association of D-ER use and inpatient admissions and costs among patients with MS.

METHODS:

This study was a retrospective observational claims analysis of the MarketScan database (April 2009-March 2014). Eligible patients consisted of adult enrollees aged 18-64 years who had (a) 12 months of continuous private plan enrollment preceding (baseline) and following (follow-up) the first D-ER claim; (b) ≥ 2 MS diagnosis codes with ≥ 1 during the baseline period; (c) ≥ 2 consecutive D-ER claims; and (d) no alternate gait-impairing etiologies during the baseline and follow-up periods. Patients were separated into 2 D-ER cohorts in the main analysis: persistent (≥ 360 days of D-ER supply) and nonpersistent (< 360 days of supply) users. Sensitivity analyses were conducted, examining additional breakdowns of days of supply within the nonpersistent cohort. Inpatient admissions (all-cause and MS-related) and health care expenditures were calculated and compared between the cohorts during follow-up using Wilcoxon rank-sum and chi-square tests. Regression models were conducted, controlling for age, sex, MS relapses, comorbidities, disease-modifying therapy use, and other baseline factors, including inpatient admissions and costs.

RESULTS:

Of 1,598 eligible patients, 719 (45.0%) were persistent D-ER users, and 879 (55.0%) were nonpersistent D-ER users. The 2 cohorts had similar demographic and clinical characteristics, with mean (SD) ages of 51.0 (8.4) and 50.6 (8.6) years and were 71.3% and 66.6% female, respectively. Compared with nonpersistent D-ER use, persistent D-ER use was associated with lower odds of all-cause inpatient admissions (OR = 0.58, P = 0.010) and MS-related inpatient admissions (OR = 0.50, P = 0.004). Persistent use was also associatedwith lower inpatient expenditures for all-cause admissions ($669 vs. $1,515, P = 0.002) and MS-related admissions ($388 vs. $891, P = 0.008).

CONCLUSIONS:

Persistent D-ER use was associated with significantly lower rates of all-cause and MS-related inpatient admissions and costs.

View abstract

Authors

Guo A, Niyazov A, Macaulay D, Terasawa E, Schmerold L, Wu EQ, Krieger S