Medication adherence in patients with asthma using once-daily versus twice-daily ICS/LABAs

Journal of Asthma, 2019


This real-world observational study compared medication adherence and persistence among patients with asthma receiving the once-daily inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting β2-agonist (ICS/LABA) fluticasone furoate/vilanterol (FF/VI) versus the twice-daily ICS/LABAs budesonide/formoterol (B/F) and fluticasone propionate/salmeterol (FP/SAL). 


This retrospective cohort study conducted using IQVIATM Health Plan Claims Data included patients with asthma ≥18 years of age initiating ICS/LABA therapy with FF/VI, B/F, or FP/SAL between January 1, 2014 and June 30, 2016 (index date). Patients had ≥12 months and ≥3 months of continuous eligibility pre- and post-index date, respectively. Patients receiving FF/VI were separately matched 1:1 with patients receiving B/F or FP/SAL using propensity score matching (PSM) and multivariable regression to balance baseline covariates between cohorts. The primary endpoint was medication adherence, measured by proportion of days covered (PDC). Secondary endpoints included proportion of patients achieving PDC ≥ 0.5 and PDC ≥ 0.8 and persistence with index medication, measured by time to discontinuation (>45-day gap in therapy). 


After PSM, 3,764 and 3,339 patients receiving FF/VI were matched with patients receiving B/F or FP/SAL, respectively. Mean PDC was significantly higher for FF/VI versus B/F (0.453 vs 0.345; adjusted p < 0.001) and FP/SAL (0.446 vs 0.341; adjusted p < 0.001). The proportion of patients achieving PDC ≥ 0.5 or PDC ≥ 0.8, and treatment persistence were significantly higher for FF/VI versus B/F and FP/SAL (all p < 0.001).


In this real-world study, patients initiating FF/VI had better adherence and lower risk of discontinuing treatment versus B/F or FP/SAL, suggesting that once-daily ICS/LABA treatment might improve adherence and persistence compared with twice-daily alternatives.

View abstract


Averell CM, Stanford RH, Laliberté F, Wu JW, Germain G, Duh MS