Persistence and other treatment patterns among bio-experienced patients with Crohn's disease initiated on ustekinumab or adalimumab

Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy, 2023


Real-world data on persistence on ustekinumab and adalimumab among bio-experienced patients with Crohn's disease (CD) are limited. OBJECTIVE: To compare treatment persistence and describe switching, restart, and dose titration among bio-experienced patients with CD initiated on ustekinumab or adalimumab.


IBM MarketScan Commercial Database was used to identify bio-experienced adults with CD who were assigned to either the ustekinumab or adalimumab cohort based on the agent first initiated (index date) after September 23, 2016. Cohorts were balanced using inverse probability of treatment weights-average treatment effect on treated. Persistence on index agent (absence of exposure gap > 120 days for ustekinumab or > 60 days for adalimumab), persistence while corticosteroid-free, and persistence while receiving monotherapy were assessed at 12 months after index date and compared between cohorts using weighted Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards model analyses.


Among 903 patients in the ustekinumab cohort and 525 patients in the adalimumab cohort, baseline characteristics were balanced after weighting. At 12 months post-index, ustekinumab was associated with higher persistence (80.1% vs 64.6%; hazard ratio = 2.02 [95% CI = 1.60-2.56]; P < 0.001) and persistence while receiving monotherapy (51.6% vs 40.0%; 1.51 [1.28-1.78]; P < 0.001) vs adalimumab. Persistence while corticosteroid-free was similar in the ustekinumab vs adalimumab cohort (50.1% vs 48.2%; 1.19 [1.00-1.41]; P = 0.0516).


This retrospective real-world study demonstrated that among bio-experienced patients with CD, initiation of ustekinumab was associated with better persistence at 12 months of follow-up, including persistence while receiving monotherapy, compared with adalimumab.

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Zhdanava M, Zhao R, Manceur AM, Ding Z, Kachroo S, Holiday C, Lefebvre P, Pilon D