Long-term treatment effects of inotersen on health-related quality of life in patients with hATTR amyloidosis with polyneuropathy: Analysis of the open-label extension of the NEURO-TTR trial
Muscle & Nerve, 2022
Hereditary transthyretin-mediated amyloidosis with polyneuropathy (hATTR-PN) progressively affects patients' functionality and compromises health-related quality of life (HRQL). The aim of this study was to quantify the projected long-term treatment effects of inotersen vs placebo on HRQL measures.
The inotersen phase 2/3 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial NEURO-TTR (NCT01737398, 65 weeks) and its subsequent open-label extension (OLE; NCT02175004, 104 weeks) included 172 (112 inotersen and 60 placebo) patients. Placebo double-blind period and overall inotersen-inotersen (double-blind/OLE) treatment period (170 weeks) data were used to extrapolate the long-term placebo-placebo effect using mixed-effects models with repeated measures. Changes from baseline in the Norfolk Quality of Life-Diabetic Neuropathy (QoL-DN) and 36-Item Short Form Health Survey version 2 (SF-36v2) in hATTR-PN were estimated. Differences in changes were compared between the inotersen-inotersen and extrapolated placebo-placebo arms.
Inotersen-inotersen patients maintained their HRQL with an observed change ranging from 10.3% improvement (Norfolk QoL-DN item "Pain kept you awake at night") to 11.6% deterioration (SF-36v2 Activities of Daily Living subdomain). The extrapolated placebo-placebo results suggest greater deterioration over time compared with inotersen-inotersen treatment on Norfolk QoL-DN total score (23.6; 95% confidence interval [CI], 8.9-38.3; P < .01), Activities of Daily Living (4.6; 95% CI, 2.0-7.3; P < .001), and "Pain kept you awake at night" (1.2; 95% CI, 0.4-1.9; P < .01). Similarly, greater deterioration was expected for the SF-36v2 Physical Component Summary (8.0; 95% CI, 3.2-12.8, P < .01), Bodily Pain (7.8; 95% CI, 2.0-13.5; P < .01), and Physical Functioning (10.6; 95% CI, 5.5-15.6; P < .0001).
Long-term (>3 years) inotersen treatment was associated with slowing and, in some domains, halting of deterioration in key HRQL outcome measures, particularly physical functioning and pain.
Karam C, Brown D, Yang M, Done N, Zhu JJ, Greatsinger A, Bozas A, Vera-Llonch M, Signorovitch J