Number needed to treat and costs per responder among biologic treatments for moderate to severe psoriasis
Current Medical Research and Opinion. 2018 Jul;34(7):1325-1333
Background: The clinical benefits of biologic therapies for moderate-to-severe psoriasis are well established, but wide variations exist in patient response.
Objectives: To determine the number needed to treat (NNT) to achieve a 75% and 90% reduction in the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI-75/90) with FDA-approved agents and evaluate the incremental cost per PASI-75 or PASI-90 responder.
Methods: The relative probabilities of achieving PASI-75 and PASI-90, as well as NNTs, were estimated using a network meta-analysis. Costs (2017 USD) included drug acquisition and administration. The incremental cost per PASI-75 or PASI-90 responder for each treatment was estimated for the clinical trial period, and annually.
Results: Compared with supportive care, the NNT to achieve PASI-75 was 1.18 for ixekizumab, 1.29 for secukinumab 300 mg, 1.37 for infliximab, 1.48 for adalimumab, 1.53 for secukinumab 150 mg, 1.58 for ustekinumab, 2.25 for etanercept, and 3.71 for apremilast. The one-year incremental cost per PASI-75 responder relative to supportive care was $59,830 for infliximab, $88,775 for secukinumab 300 mg, $91,837 for adalimumab, $95,898 for ixekizumab, $97,363 for ustekinumab, $105,131 for secukinumab 150 mg, $129,665 for apremilast, and $159,328 for etanercept. Results were similar for PASI-90.
Conclusion: The NNT and incremental cost per responder are meaningful ways to assess comparative effectiveness and cost effectiveness among psoriasis treatments.